Cargo Delivery from Korea
The Republic of Korea is one of the most rapidly developing countries not only in Asia but also in the world. Today, it is ranked 10th among the world’s economies in terms of trade volume. Major trading partners are USA, Japan, and EU member states.
Trade with Russia is based on the import of hydrocarbons and their products of their processing, and the export of machines, cars, electronics, consumer and chemical goods. Although the country has a land border with the mainland, goods from Korea can be delivered only by sea or air due to political problems in the region. Sea freight from Korea is performed in 20- and 40-foot containers to Vladivostok or to the ports of the Black and the Baltic seas. From Vladivostok the cargo is transported by the Trans-Siberian Railway which is the fastest and the most secure way of moving large batches of goods over long distances. The carriage period is 30-40 days, including customs procedures on departure and arrival..
Air freight from Korea is performed by regular flights to Russian airports or through airports in the Baltics or Finland.
Consolidated cargoes delivery from Korea
Trading transactions are made at the state and commercial levels. Consolidated cargoes concept is developed for small shipments. Their mechanism involves the consolidation of cargoes from different consignors in the same transport item. Customers allocate transportation costs pro rata with the used space. This method significantly reduces the cost of delivery.
An increased transit time can be considered as consolidated cargoes disadvantage due to the use of a consolidation warehouse. The duration of customs procedures is also increased as several sets of documents are filed for each transport item.
Consolidated cargoes delivery from Korea includes the following steps:
- Accumulation of outgoing cargoes at the consolidation warehouse.
- Terminal processing — packaging, labelling, certification, etc.
- Placing the cargo under a customs regime.
- Loading and transportation to the final destination.
- Customs clearance.
- Delivery to the final recipient.
Air freight from Korea
Despite its land border with the mainland, South Korea occupies an island position in view of the acute political situation in the region. Goods are transported by sea and air, with sea freight accounting for the major volume.
Air freight from Korea can be performed in express mode. Air freight from Korea ensures safety, confidentiality, and security. Cost of such transportation consists of several values:
- freight cost;
- documents execution fee;
- fuel surcharge;
- cargo compartment reservation fee;
- safety fee.
The cost of ground handling operations – loading/unloading, customs clearance, use of temporary storage warehouse and delivery to the final recipient should be added to this.
Air freight from Korea stipulates special packing and labelling requirements for all goods to be transported. There are special regulations for dangerous, valuable and perishable cargoes. The requirements are based on IATA standards.
Direct air freight from Korea involves transportation by direct flights. This is the most expensive, but also the fastest way of moving cargoes. It is used to transport items of high value or vital necessity – medicines, important documents, spare parts and accessories, etc. Express delivery is also used to gain a competitive advantage in the market of new electronics or other high demand goods. It means, in any case when the benefit of a fast delivery covers all transportation and logistics costs. Usually this transportation is performed within 5 days, including customs clearance procedures.
Multimodal cargo transportation from Korea involves the use of consolidation warehouses in Europe, e.g. in Hamburg. Then the shipment is carried by sea to Saint Petersburg for customs clearance and delivery to the recipient. Minimum delivery time is 10 days. This method is suitable for transporting sample batches, additional orders of seasonal products, etc.
Transit carriage can be performed by flights to Russia from Baltic airports. This method has been gaining high popularity lately.
There is also an option of cargo consolidation in a Korean warehouse. In this case a package will be transported avoiding transit ports and its further delivery to the final recipient will be performed by road or rail. Delivery takes up to 7 days, including customs clearance.